Thomas J. Wright Week - Sunday: Thomas J. Wright interview!

Sunday is upon us! Thanks to all who took part, be you contributors or simply readers, supporters, crusaders or dreamers.

Thanks of course to Tom himself - for as much being an inspiration and a charming follower of our work here.

So here we go, we'll bow out this special week with an interview with Tom himself!

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Thomas J. Wright Week - Saturday: Joselyn's Eye

It's Day Six of Thomas J. Wright Week and, given his prominent role as director, it makes sense that we have a video for you. Cue another of the Back to Frank Black team regulars to celebrate Thom's work behind the camera in the return of Joselyn's Eye.

Regular readers of the blog will of course be familiar with Joselyn's work, but herein her accomplishment is twofold: first, to break down the role of the director to give some insight into Thom's craft and, second, to illustrate that with a compendium of clips from the huge array of episodes he has directed. Sit back, then, and enjoy another wonderful compilation celebrating the huge contribution by Thomas J. Wright to the realisation of Millennium's singular vision...

Thomas J. Wright Week - Friday: What the Killer Sees

For this edition and in honour of Thomas J. Wright Week, What the Killer Sees takes its cue once again from the recent podcast interview with writer Michael R. Perry in which he talked at some length about the episode “Nostalgia” and notably Thomas J. Wright’s direction thereof.

Whilst some considerable focus has been placed upon the visual feast that is “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” this week to date, Thomas J. Wright’s legacy for Millennium is of course much broader. He directed twenty-six episodes – over a third of the series’ entire run – and served as a producer on forty-five. Added to this is a huge body of directorial work that takes in turns for other series as diverse as The X-Files, Space: Above and Beyond, Max Headroom, Angel, The Wire and NCIS, to name but a few. It is no understatement to say that Thomas J. Wright – whose career started out as a storyboard artist for the late, great Alfred Hitchcock – stands now as one of the foremost television directors of his generation.

Consider for today, then, how that directorial vision told the story of an uncomfortable return to a childhood home for Emma Hollis, and the unveiling of a murderer who, racked with guilt, has hidden for years in plain sight…

Killer: Jerry Neilson (Ted Marcoux)

Episode: “Nostalgia” (7 May 1999)
Writer: Michael R. Perry
Director: Thomas J. Wright

Quote: “I think he wanted them to know what he had done, what he carried around inside, because they never stopped him. Show them, Jerry. Show them where the bodies are.” --Frank Black
Profile: Jerry Neilson is a killer wracked with guilt. In many ways he sees himself as a moralistic judge, not so much motivated by any pleasure he takes from killing so much as by anger at Liddy Hooper’s lack of self-respect and how she thus allows herself to be used and passed around in the seedy backroom of Bar None. Nonetheless there is a sexual motivation – probably accompanied by self-hatred – since the “genetic evidence” inside the lifeguard stand within the State Park reveals his unhealthy obsessions and, in flashback, we see him about to violate Liddy having drowned her. He judges the other men who have used and abused her, but none more harshly than himself for sharing their proclivities.

Neilson fully expected to be called to account for this first killing, but when he wasn’t he repeated the ritual with other girls who would not necessarily attract too much attention. Thus Frank notes that his MO has evolved, that he has become cocky over the years between his murders. That guilt remains an underlying motive too, however, with the subsequent killings perhaps committed in the hope that each one would lead to his capture, ultimately causing him to only bury the foot of Jan McCall, his final victim, in shallow ground and in an inhabited area where it would soon be discovered.

Kills: 6

Investigation: During the course of this investigation, Frank Black all but gets to act out any Columbo fantasies he may have harboured. Whilst the audience is not privy to witnessing who committed the murders at the outset, it becomes clear very early on to both Frank and Emma Hollis that Neilson is guilty. Rather than see them both seek out an unknown killer, then, we watch instead how Frank goes about evincing a confession from him.

When we as viewers first arrive in South Mills we are presented with what seems to be a bright, welcoming community, the one that Emma remembers from her childhood. The camera tracks across gleaming white picket fences and shows clean, open streets bordered by well topiaried trees.

The titular reference to nostalgia is a strong aspect of a core theme to the investigation – and, for that matter, the episode as a whole – in terms of perspective. Emma Hollis remembers South Mills as the “last good place” she lived in. She is, ultimately, angered to find out that it is in fact no different to anywhere else as its seedy, murderous underbelly is revealed. Neilson’s perspective is one we have explored in his profile, whilst we learn how conflicted are the other local law enforcement in their own perspectives to the murders under investigation. As Michael R. Perry revealed in the aforementioned interview, Thomas J. Wright utilised a split-focus diopter to allow the camera lens to give us depth of focus and facilitate close-up shots of eyes and faces. This really allows us, the viewer, to fully experience those perspectives: their viewpoints, embarrassments and revelations.

Ultimately, Frank succeeds in convincing Neilson to admit to his crimes and allow the bodies of his victims to be recovered and buried with dignity. The mood of the episode is thus transformed in turn from those bright, open vistas of South Mills to darker images that reflect the sinister reality beneath the town’s veneer, pulling the viewer along Emma’s emotional journey that lies at the heart of the story. These later scenes confer a brooding melancholy, granting “Nostalgia” a shifting tone that stands apart as a singular investigation from Millennium’s varied and rich tapestry, one that stands out due to Thomas J. Wright’s masterful direction.

Thomas J. Wright Week - Thursday: Music & Art

Thursday! Thirsty Thursday? Thankful Thursday? No! It's Thomas Thursday (and for you non-English speakers, that doesn't rhyme as well as it appears it should!)!

A lighthearted offering today, particularly relevant for those who have a penchant to mix critically acclaimed directors with fun jingles. Remember the jingle for Lara Means Week? Did you manage to scrape that out of your brain yet? Just recently? Good -- because this will most likely replace it!

This, again, is from Steven Katzenmoyer and is both catchy and humorous -- perfect for your Thomas Thursday!

Finally, another wallpaper -- same vibe, slightly different look! Sparkle your desktop with this baby!


"Not Bad For A Human" Official Release Date!

We hope that everyone is enjoying Thomas J. Wright Week. Make sure you come back tomorrow for Day Four of the festivities, but we thought we needed to take a quick break for some very important news.

We are proud to announce that there is now an official release date for Lance Henriksen's autobiography, Not Bad for a Human. The autobiography will be released on May 5! We are sure you are all well aware that's Lance's birthday; what a great present for one of the most iconic actors in the business! Please stay tuned to Back to Frank Black as we will be releasing details of an exclusive contest with a fantastic prize. You can also visit the official website for Lance's book at Not Bad for a Human.

Thomas J. Wright Week - Wednesday: "Out of Chaos Comes Awareness"

For Day Three of Thomas J. Wright Week we have a real treat in store for you from another unwavering Back to Frank Black supporter and semi-regular contributor of considerable standing: the one-and-only John Kenneth Muir. Readers of his really rather wonderful blog – John Kenneth Muir's Reflections on Film and Television – will be very much familiar with his wise insights, piercing reviews and devilish competitions, whilst newcomers should head to the link and prepare to be wowed. Right after, that is, you have read this typically brilliant article on how Thomas J. Wright's artistry brought to life one of Millennium's most visually powerful instalments...

Out of Chaos comes Awareness:
Visualizing Millennium’s “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions”
By John Kenneth Muir

What comes after someone survives a terrible and terrifying event? What truths or new perspectives follow in the wake of pure, blood-pumping terror?

These are the pertinent questions raised and answered (at least obliquely) by “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions,” the Millennium first season segment that directly follows “Lamentation,” the unforgettable introduction of Sarah Jane Redmond’s villain, Lucy Butler. The battlefield or thematic terrain of the episode is well-enunciated in the week’s opening quotation from Charles Manson, which reads: “Paranoia is just a kind of awareness, and awareness is just a form of love.

In other words, “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” concerns awareness in general, and specifically Frank’s dawning awareness of a Cosmic Order outside the ken of mankind. This awareness comes to him only after an extended and painful period of self-doubt and grief.

But ironically, awareness would also not be possible without that self-same period of self-doubt and grief.

Penned by Ted Mann and Howard Rosenthal, and superbly directed by Thomas J. Wright, “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” thus finds the series’ lead protagonist, Frank Black at his lowest and most world-weary ebb and then – surprisingly – opens his eyes to an unseen world; the world of angels, demons and cosmic hierarchies.

The title of the episode itself indicates the nature of those cosmic schemes or hierarchies. According to some Biblical scholars, “Thrones” are living symbols of God’s justice and authority, “Dominions” are beings who regulate the lower angels, “Powers” are the bearers of conscience and keepers of history and “Principalities” are the educators and guardians of the realm of Earth.

Or contrarily, “Thrones,” “Dominions,” “Powers” and “Principalities” may be the categories of evil Minions existing on Earth; the twelve principalities of Satan, for instance (death, anti-christ, covetousness, witchcraft, idolatry, sedition, hypocrisy, disobedience, rejection, hypocrisy, etc.).

Similarly, in Ephesians 6:12 the apostle Paul wrote: “For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.” This was the author’s manner of suggesting that anti-God, malevolent forces existed in places of state, in places of Empire, in places of government.

Thus, in pondering this episode of Millennium, we (along with Frank) find ourselves plunged into a war involving supernatural beings on Earth. On one hand are angel-like agents of God such as Sammael, who seems a “guardian of the realm of Earth.” On the other hand is Alesteir Pepper, a man of worldly wealth and power and perhaps, actually, a demon. Even Aleister’s name suggests evil, as he jokes with Frank, making an almost-cryptic allusion to the notorious poet and Satanist mystic, Aleister Crowley (1875-1947).

In terms of Millennium history, “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” plays tonally almost like the epilogue or coda of “Lamentation,” and represents one of the earliest instances in the Carter series of direct supernatural involvement in human affairs. To recap, in “Lamentation,” Frank’s family is threatened by Lucy Butler, and his best friend, Bob Bletcher (Bill Smitrovich) is murdered in Frank’s own sanctuary, the yellow house where Frank tries in vain to “paint away” the darkness in life, per the words of series creator Chris Carter.

As “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” opens, Frank grapples heavily with the death of “Bletch” and the invasion of his yellow sanctuary. Accordingly, the episode’s dialogue continuously maps Frank’s sense of world-weariness, confusion, and diffidence. “I’m not ready to come back to work yet,” he tells Peter Watts with resignation during one phone conversation.

When Frank does become involved in a new case for the Millennium Group – a seemingly-Satanic ritual-turned-homicide – Frank admits that his “clarity is not what” he “had hoped it would be.” At home, Catherine worries what will happen to Frank if he cannot right his ship; if he cannot return to his true nature as a crusader against the darkness. “You can’t deny who you are Frank…if you let things go on this way, it’s only a matter of time…

The unspoken ending to Catherine’s last sentence is no doubt an allusion to Frank’s nervous breakdown; the last time he lost his grip on his identity and his true, best self. Catherine clearly fears the same thing could occur again if Frank doesn’t find his emotional footing.

Interestingly, when Frank is confronted by Pepper, a man who may be a demon, he notes – in maddeningly ambiguous tones – that “you’ve come to me before.” This seems an implicit suggestion that Frank’s previous mental breakdown arose as a result of the works of a demon, even, perhaps, the Devil himself. Only now – upon recognizing the demon again (although perhaps in a different form) – does Frank understand what he is really battling.

Admirably, director Thomas J. Wright’s selection of compositions during the early portions of “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominion’s” echo Frank’s crisis; his sense of uncertainty about himself, his gifts, and the nature of the world around him. Thanks in large part to these shot choices death itself seems to oppress Frank in this episode, like an anchor pulling him down farther and farther.

To augment this perception of a man overwhelmed and oppressed by death, Wright stages shots of Lance Henriksen visually entrapped between support beams in Frank’s basement (the site of Bletch’s murder). This mise-en-scene limits Frank’s space in the frame and creates, in essence, a visual “cage” around the character.

Director Wright – a veteran of such programs as Beauty and the Beast, Otherworld, Dark Skies, and Nowhere Man – also frequently positions Frank underneath heavy stone archways or obscured behind objects in the frame. These choices by Wright in general reinforce the lugubrious or heavy nature of the story, of Frank “denying who he is,” in the words of his wife, Catherine, and feeling defeated and overwhelmed by recent, tragic events.

At about the ten minute point of the episode, for instance, in the scene that finds Frank and Peter Watts discussing Sammael, Wright even positions Frank behind two coffins in the foreground, a visual indicator that death is foremost on his mind, and occluding, again, his space or freedom in the frame.

Another moment, early in the episode, also expresses Frank’s conflict. He gazes at his reflection in a bathroom mirror, and the idea, expressed by the director’s selection of angles, is that he is battling himself, (his reflection); battling his sense of doubt and uncertainty.

As the episode continues and Frank is drawn further into the seemingly unconnected case of a murderer named Martin, the profiler continues to flash on mental images of Bletch’s murder. But instead of denying the connection to the event that consumes his mind, Frank begins to explore it more fully. This is Frank’s perennial strength, his ability to face the darkness head on. Soon, he is listening to his visions instead of trying to dismiss them as symptoms of trauma or stress.

Again, Thomas J. Wright cannily finds exactly the right visuals to suggest Frank’s restored confidence. When, during the climax of the episode, Frank witnesses a parking lot confrontation between a diabolical attorney named Aleister and a stranger – really the “angel of death” Sammael, for instance, Wright presents two competing visions of the conflict in fast succession.

In the consensus view of reality, Sammael is armed with a gun and fires it at Pepper at point blank range. But in Frank’s personalized, insightful view of the event, a kind of supernatural energy beam is emitted from Sammael’s palm and strikes the demonic lawyer. These rapidly alternating views of the same event make the audience aware that Frank again has confidence in his insights. He sees the event for what it is: a supernatural assassination; one of God’s agents (Sammael, who in literature is sometimes good and sometimes evil) “binding” and defeating an agent of Satan, Aleister Pepper.

Likewise, when Frank disarms Sammael after the confrontation, Wright’s camera adopts a low angle perspective, one that in cinema history traditionally represents power or strength. Frank and Sammael – again, an angel or supernatural creature of some variety – share a tight two shot, as Frank puzzles over the gun.

Both the perspective and the staging reveal Frank’s intrinsic strength. Visually, he is on equal footing with the angel in this case. The shot selection thus makes one wonder if Frank is actually a critical part of God’s hierarchy as well. Like a “Throne” is a symbol of “justice” and like a “Power” is a force of conscience, so thus is Frank himself, discerning truthfully that which other humans cannot see. The two-shot reinforces this notion, as it suggests a comparison, a kinship between the two objects or people sharing space in the shot.

When Frank declares that whatever force killed the man named Martin was “anything but natural” in “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions,” he is evidencing his sense of “awareness” (after the paranoia and doubt) as referenced in the episode’s opening quote. Frank has begun to detect that something bigger than man is involved in man’s affairs, and that he is, in fact, a crucial player in that supernatural war.

This idea represents a huge opening up of Millennium’s mythology, an embrace of religious mythology or “faith” in very literal, concrete terms. But what remains so remarkable about this episode is that Frank’s journey from awkward self-doubt to awakened awareness is charted not just in terms of dialogue or narrative details, but in the director’s artistic and meaningful selection of angles and viewpoints.

I often write on my blog that film and TV work best when form follows or reflects content, and this axiom is also true in spades of Thomas J. Wright’s work on Millennium, and this episode in particular.

Another way to put it: The teleplay for “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” makes Frank aware that there is more on Earth than is dreamed of in man’s philosophy; but Wright’s clever, crisp and expressionist visualization of the teleplay makes the audience actually feel that another world exists side-by-side our own.

More than that, Wright’s steady direction shows us Frank’s place within the larger battlefield, and allows us to take the measure of the man. The Devil wants more than anything to co-opt Frank, to turn him to darkness, but the message of “Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions” is that if Frank can maintain confidence in his “gift,” he will see through the Devil every time.

Thomas J. Wright Week - Tuesday: Here's My Thing!

We plunder onwards into Thomas J. Wright Week today with a welcome return for stalwart Back to Frank Black supporter and anonymous reviewer DiRT, who presents an all-new edition of his semi-regular video column.

In this edition, DiRT explores the work of Thomas J. Wright as director on Millennium and also focuses in particular on the episode "Powers, Principalities, Thrones and Dominions". It's an entertaining and animated ride as ever and so, with a deluge of thanks to DiRT for his contribution to the week, check out the video right here:

We'll be back tomorrow with more celebrations of Thomas J. Wright's career and contributions to Millennium, so be sure to check back and we'll see you then!

Thomas J. Wright Week - Monday: Welcome!

My esteemed colleagues, friends, countrymen, Romans, Klingons, Lutons (that's just for John Muir), Krotons and the usual rabble: welcome to Thomas J. Wright Week!

So what do we have in store? We have music, we have videos, we have articles, we have reviews, we have interviews... and to kick it off in the most sensible fashion we have words about Millennium's quintessential director on the quintessential show from the mouth of said quintessential director.

This excerpt is from the Millennium DVD box sets. We naturally encourage all of you to purchase one if you've not already got it and, if you have, well... Easter's coming up and I am sure it will make a more interesting gift than a chocolate egg!

And to finish off Monday, a wallpaper of the man himself with a dab of Millennium. Download it for this week, wear it upon your PC screen with pride! Click to open to full size.